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The Bhagavad Gita

 
 

The Bhagavad Gita
(lit. "Song of the Lord"),
often referred to as simply the Gita,
is a 700-verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit
that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata.

Hindu traditionalists assert that the Gita came into existence in the third or fourth millennium BCE. Scholars accept dates from the fifth century to the second century BCE as the probable range.

The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Lord Krishna. Facing the duty as a warrior to fight the Dharma Yudhha or righteous war between Pandavas and Kauravas, Arjuna is counselled by Lord Krishna to "fulfill his Kshatriya (warrior) duty as a warrior and establish Dharma." Inserted in this appeal to kshatriya dharma (chivalry) is "a dialogue ... between diverging attitudes concerning methods toward the attainment of liberation (moksha)".
The Bhagavad Gita was exposed to the world through Sanjaya, who senses and cognizes all the events of the battlefield. Sanjaya is Dhritarashtra's advisor and also his charioteer.

 

The Bhagavad Gita presents a synthesis of the concept of Dharma, theistic bhakti, the yogic ideals of moksha through jnana, bhakti, karma, and Raja Yoga and Samkhya philosophy.
Numerous commentaries have been written on the Bhagavad Gita with widely differing views on the essentials. Vedanta commentators read varying relations between Self and Brahman in the text: Advaita Vedanta sees the non-dualism of Atman (soul) and Brahman as its essence, whereas Bhedabheda and Vishishtadvaita see Atman and Brahman as both different and non-different, and Dvaita sees them as different. The setting of the Gita in a battlefield has been interpreted as an allegory for the ethical and moral struggles of the human life.
The Bhagavad Gita's call for selfless action inspired many leaders of the Indian independence movement including Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi referred to the Gita as his "spiritual dictionary".
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“It is better to live your own destiny imperfectly
than to live an imitation
                   of somebody else's life with perfection.”
   ---Bhagavad Gita

 

“A gift is pure when it is given from the heart
to the right person at the right time and at the right place,
                    and when we expect nothing in return”
  ---Bhagavad Gita

 

“Anyone who is steady in his determination
for the advanced stage of spiritual realization
and can equally tolerate the onslaughts
of distress and happiness is certainly
                   a person eligible for liberation.”
  ---Bhagavad Gita





“The happiness which comes from long practice, which leads to the end of suffering, which at first is like poison, but at last like nectar - this kind of happiness arises from the serenity of one's own mind.”

“ I am Time, the great destroyer of the world ~Bhagavad Gita 11.32)”

“I have become Death, the destroyer of worlds.”



“For the senses wander, and when one lets the mind follow them, it carries wisdom away like a windblown ship on the waters.”

“Set thy heart upon thy work, but never on its reward.”

“Feelings of heat and cold, pleasure and pain, are caused by the contact of the senses with their objects. They come and they go, never lasting long. You must accept them.”