Jorge Mario Bergoglio, 17 December 1936)
is the 266th and current
Pope of the Roman Catholic Church,
a title he holds ex officio as
Bishop of Rome,
and Sovereign of the Vatican City.
He chose Francis
as his papal name in honor of
Saint Francis of Assisi.
the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas,
the first from
the Southern Hemisphere
and the first non-European pope
Syrian Gregory III in 741.
Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Bergoglio worked briefly as
a chemical technologist and nightclub bouncer before beginning
seminary studies. He was ordained a Catholic priest in 1969 and from
1973 to 1979 was Argentina's provincial superior of the Society of
Jesus. He became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was
created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II. Following the resignation
of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 2013, a papal conclave elected Bergoglio as his successor on 13 March.