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History: The founder of the organization,
Salman Khan, grew up in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States to a father
from Barisal, Bangladesh, and mother from Calcutta, India. After earning
three degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (a BS in
mathematics, a M.Sc. in electrical engineering and computer science, and
an MEng in electrical engineering and computer science) he pursued an MBA
from Harvard Business School.
In late 2004, Khan began tutoring his cousin Nadia who needed help with
math using Yahoo!'s Doodle notepad. When other relatives and friends
sought similar help, he decided it would be more practical to distribute
the tutorials on YouTube. Their popularity there and the testimonials of
appreciative students prompted Khan to quit his job in finance as a hedge
fund analyst at Connective Capital Management in 2009, and focus on the
tutorials (then released under the moniker "Khan Academy") full-time.
The project is funded by donations. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3)
not-for-profit organization, now with significant backing from the Bill &
Melinda Gates Foundation, Ann and John Doerr, the Brazil-based Lemann
Foundation, and Google. In 2010, Google announced it would give Khan
Academy $2 million for creating more courses and for translating the core
library into the world’s most widely spoken languages, as part of their
Project 10100. In 2012, Google's first employee, Craig Silverstein, left
there and joined Khan Academy. In 2013, the Mexico-based Carlos Slim
Foundation made a donation to Khan Academy to expand its Spanish library
of videos. In 2015, to enable anytime, anywhere learning for people across
the world, AT&T contributed $2.25 million to Khan Academy to fund
development of a new mobile learning platform and app.
In the beginning, Khan Academy offered videos mostly about mathematics.
Thanks to donations, Khan Academy has been able to expand its faculty and
offer courses about history, healthcare, medicine, finance, physics,
chemistry, biology, astronomy, cosmology, American civics, art history,
economics, music, computer programming and computer science. In addition
to faculty, the organization has a network of content specialists.
Khan Academy also has thousands of resources translated into other
languages. It launched the Spanish version of the website in September
2013 followed by the Brazilian Portuguese, French and Turkish versions. It
is supported by partners and volunteers in languages including Indonesian,
German, Spanish, Czech, French, Italian, Swahili, Norwegian, Polish,
Portuguese, Russian, Turkish, Xhosa, Greek, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Urdu,
Arabic, Persian, Bengali, Hindi, Malayalam, and Chinese. Khan Academy's
website has been translated to 23 languages and its videos to 65.
All videos (hosted via YouTube) are available through Khan Academy's own
website (khanacademy.org), which also contains many other features such as
progress tracking, practice exercises, and a variety of tools for teachers
in public schools. Logging into the site can be done via a Google or a
Facebook account for those who do not want to create a separate Khan
Academy account. The material can also be accessed through Khan Academy's
own mobile applications, which can be found free of charge in App Store
and Windows Store.
The videos show step-by-step doodles and diagrams on an electronic
blackboard. Not-for-profit groups have distributed offline versions of the
videos to rural areas in Asia, Latin America, and Africa.
Khan Academy also provides an adaptive web-based exercise system that
generates problems for students based on skill and performance. Khan
believes his academy presents an opportunity to overhaul the traditional
classroom by using software to create tests, grade assignments, highlight
the challenges of certain students, and encourage those doing well to help
struggling classmates. The tutorials are touted as helpful because, among
other factors, they can be paused by students while classroom lectures can
Methodology:Khan Academy has been criticized because Salman Khan does not
have a background in pedagogy. Statements made in some videos have also
been questioned. In response to these criticisms, the organization has
fixed errors in its videos, expanded its faculty and built a network of
Services and vision:The major components of Khan Academy include: a
personalized learning engine to help people track what they have learned
and recommend what they can do next. A video library with over 6500 videos
in various topic areas. These videos are licensed under a Creative
Commons,automated exercises with continuous assessment. The exercise
software is available as open source under the MIT license.
Recognition:Khan Academy has gained recognition both nationally and
internationally: Bill Gates spoke about Khan Academy at the Aspen Ideas
festival. In 2010, Google's Project 10100 provided $2 million to support
the creation of more courses, to allow for translation of the Khan
Academy's content, and to allow for the hiring of additional staff.
In November 2011, the Khan Academy received a $5 million grant from the
Ireland-based O'Sullivan Foundation. In April 2012, the founder and
executive director of Khan Academy, Salman Khan, was listed among the Time
100 Most Influential People for 2012. In 2013, the Mexico-based Carlos
Slim Foundation made a donation to Khan Academy to expand its Spanish
library of videos.
Khan was one of five winners of the 2014 Heinz Award. His award was in the
area of "Human Condition."
In July 2014, the U.S. Department of Education launched a $3 million
randomized-control trial to gauge the effectiveness of Khan Academy. The
trial will focus on mathematics and will take place during the 2015–2016